Psoriasis weighs heavily on the heart

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By Araceli Aguilar Salgado

“You do not die of it, but you will die with it, it has no cure, it is not an infection, it is not lyrics, it does not spread, it touches my skin”

Today World Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis, which is celebrated on October 29, with the aim of sharing information and raising awareness about this disease

On May 30, 2013 during the 67th World Health Assembly, the World Health Organization (WHO) approved a resolution in which it describes psoriasis as a chronic, painful, disfiguring and disabling non-communicable disease, for which There is still no cure and whose impact on the quality of life of the patient can be immense.

Psoriasis, a very common skin disease that is manifested by scaly red skin lesions that can increase and decrease in severity over time in other words, the immune system is both enemy and ally in psoriasis.

It is an inflammatory pathology, not contagious, which has a great visible impact on a physical level. But psoriasis also generates an important invisible impact on the mental and emotional health of people who suffer from it, in response to the social rejection that it can entail and the psychological problems associated with not wanting to show the skin

Psoriasis is a chronic disease of autoimmune origin that affects around 125 million people in the world, 2-3% of the total population of which 2.5 million live in Mexico. 90% of those who suffer from it suffer from psoriasis, which seriously reduces the quality of life.

It can manifest in any part of the body in the form of reddish patches with white peeling that can cause itching, burning and even chronic pain. These plaques or scales, which usually occur between 85% and 90% of people with psoriasis, cause many of them to tend to hide their skin and avoid showing themselves in public.

People with psoriasis suffer social stigma because, although it is an increasingly well-known disease, not contagious, it makes itself felt on many observed occasions, which leads people to isolate themselves and suffer psychological problems, and prevents them from leading a normal life.

At the same time, people with psoriasis are at higher risk of developing other complications, such as psoriatic arthritis, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. In fact, approximately 10% of them suffer from psoriatic arthritis, a condition that affects the joints and that can have more serious consequences than psoriasis.

It is more common for psoriasis to appear first and then to diagnose psoriatic arthritis, although in some cases, arthritis appears earlier and skin lesions develop over time. In others, skin involvement does not occur despite having joint disease.

Risk factors that increase the chances of psoriasis flare-ups include the following:

Infections. Strep throat, colds, and other infectious diseases cause the body’s immune system to react, increasing the chances of a psoriasis flare-up.

Infections. Strep throat, colds, and other infectious diseases cause the body’s immune system to react, increasing the chances of a psoriasis flare-up.

The obesity. The plaques of many different types of psoriasis usually form in the folds of the skin.

Some medications Lithium, beta-blockers for high blood pressure, and medicines used to prevent malaria have been found to increase the risk of developing psoriasis.

Stress. High stress levels can affect the immune system and can make psoriasis symptoms worse.

Irritations of the skin. Cuts, scrapes, sunburns, rashes, and other irritations that affect the skin can increase the chances of a psoriasis flare-up.

The cold weather. In winter, children tend to spend more time indoors and sunbathe less. Moderate exposure to direct sunlight can help improve psoriasis.

Psoriasis increases the risk of cardiovascular events (acute myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disease).

Psoriatic arthritis is a non-contagious chronic inflammatory disease of varying intensity. Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling are the main signs and symptoms.

You may have periods when symptoms improve or go into remission, alternating with times when symptoms get worse, called flare-ups. The disease may also become inactive.
It produces in the lives of people who have it is double, on the one hand, they have to face the physical problems that it produces, such as joint pain, reduced mobility, itching, peeling of the skin or inflammation; but it also has a negative impact on the state of mind since there is no awareness of living with a disease that has no cure and that, in addition, affects the physical state and appearance.

There is still no cure for psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis, there are very effective treatments that are able to control the symptoms of the disease and help maintain a good quality of life.

The results of biological treatments are encouraging, there is still a long way to go in treating psoriasis. Among the main objectives pursued by researchers with respect to this skin pathology, the following stand out:

Develop oral treatments that can replace injectable therapies without losing an iota of effectiveness.
Find new effective topical treatments that provide even more safety.
Find therapies that allow modifying the course of the disease (and not just alleviating its symptoms).
Develop therapies that prevent the immune system from attacking the skin of psoriasis patients.

Information is empowerment, knowledge is the key to knowing what is happening is one of the main demands of these people to make themselves understood and correctly explain the symptoms to doctors, and thus reveal the invisible impacts of the disease that help decide together the best treatment to control your disease.

“Look at me, not my skin, you don’t know about my psoriasis.” Psoriasis patient

Araceli Aguilar Salgado Journalist, Lawyer, Engineer, Writer, Analyst and Mexican Commentator, from the State of Guerrero, Mexico.

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